The last count for the South Australian election was finalised today with the distribution of preferences for the Legislative Council.
Several weeks of scanning and data entry have turned all the LC ballot papers into electronic records. Today the records were fed into the SA Electoral Commission’s preference distribution software to determine the winning candidates.
Details on the count are provided in the post.
- Above-the-line with only a first preference – 62.7%
- Above-the-line TL with preferences – 31.1%
- Below the line – 6.2%
The above figures are derived from batching for ballot paper scanning. The detailed table of results below has 6.1% for below the line votes. The discrepancy is due to below the line votes that were informal or reverted to above the line votes after applying formality checks.
Elected, Defeated and Retiring Members
Candidates listed in order of election
- 1 – Re-elected – Kyam Maher (Labor)
- 2 – Re-elected – Michelle Lensink (Liberal)
- 3 – Re-elected – Robert Simms (Greens)
- 4 – Re-elected – Tung Ngo (Labor)
- 5 – Re-elected – Dennis Hood (Liberal)
- 6 – Elected – Reggie Martin (Labor)
- 7 – Re-elected – Nicola Centofanti (Liberal)
- 8 – Re-elected – Ian Hunter (Labor)
- 9 – Elected – Laura Curran (Liberal)
- 10 – Elected – Sarah Game (One Nation)
- 11 – Re-elected – Russell Wortley (Labor)
- Retired – Rob Lucas (Liberal)
- Retired – John Dawkins (Independent, ex-LiberalLiberal)
- Defeated – John Darley (Advance SA, ex-Xenophon Team)
Note: – ‘Other’ candidates departing are John Dawkins (Independent, ex-Liberal, retiring) and John Darley (Advance SA, ex-Xenophon Team, defeated). Note that in 2014 the Liberal Party elected four MLCs and Dennis Hood was elected for Family First. Hood joined the Liberal Party in 2018 after the demise of the Australian Conservatives. The Liberal positions facing election were reduced back to four when John Dawkins was expelled.
If a Labor member takes the chair as Council President, Labor will have eight members out of 21 on the floor of the Legislative Council and need three extra votes to pass legislations from amongst the two Greens, two SA Best and single One Nation MLCs on the cross bench.
Note: - Above table has been changed since first published. It now uses final first preference figures by party.
More to come on the results - check back later
The picture of the eleven elected members published on Twitter by InDaliy's Tom Richardson had Labor's Russell Wortley and One Nation's Sarah Game elected at the same count. That suggests that both were elected with less than a quota after all other candidates had been excluded and had their preferences distributed.
Also, it is being reported that One Nation won the final seat. This is not correct. One Nation won the 10th seat as they had more votes than the fifth Labor candidate. Labor won the final seat.
2022 Legislative Council Election - Result by Candidate and Party
|Party/Candidate (Group)||Votes||Pct||Quotas||% ATL|
|Kyam MAHER (Re-elected 1)||9,831||0.90||0.1083|
|Tung NGO (Re-elected 4)||860||0.08||0.0095|
|Reggie MARTIN (Elected 6)||689||0.06||0.0076|
|Ian HUNTER (Re-elected 8)||813||0.07||0.0090|
|Russell WORTLEY (Re-elected 11)||597||0.05||0.0066|
|Michelle LENSINK (Re-elected 2)||6,304||0.58||0.0695|
|Dennis HOOD (Re-elected 5)||1,135||0.10||0.0125|
|Nicola CENTOFANTI (Re-elected 7)||951||0.09||0.0105|
|Laura CURRAN (Elected 9)||307||0.03||0.0034|
|Robert SIMMS (Re-elected 3)||10,279||0.94||0.1133|
|One Nation (M)||46,051||4.23||0.5075||87.43|
|Sarah GAME (Elected 10)||4,921||0.45||0.0542|
|Liberal Democrats (A)||36,445||3.35||0.4017||89.17|
|Family First (F)||33,342||3.06||0.3675||88.06|
|Legalise Cannabis (H)||22,731||2.09||0.2505||89.10|
|Animal Justice (N)||16,299||1.50||0.1796||89.91|
|SA BEST (L)||11,392||1.05||0.1255||86.40|
|Real Change SA (C)||9,417||0.86||0.1038||71.03|
|Aust Family Party (J)||9,315||0.86||0.1027||81.47|
|SA Party (G)||3,871||0.36||0.0427||81.97|
|Jack George DUXBURY||69||0.01||0.0008|
|Advance SA (D)||3,623||0.33||0.0399||72.40|
|Amrik Singh THANDI||482||0.04||0.0053|
|Total ATL votes||1,022,312||93.89|
|Total BTL votes||66,528||6.11|
|Total votes / Turnout||1,129,680||89.18|
Summary of preference distribution
The tally of first preference votes and then the initial trickle down of preferences through the candidates on the Labor, Liberal and Greens tickets elected nine candidates on filled quotas. These were four Labor MLCs, four Liberals and one Green.
At this point no candidate in the count had a quota. The highest party totals after excluding filled quotas were -
- 0.5075 quotas One Nation party total
- 0.4352 quotas Labor total beyond four filled quotas
- 0.4017 quotas Liberal Democrats party total
- 0.3675 quotas Family First party total
- 1.2881 quotas distributed across 16 other groups
The next highest partial quota at this point was Legalise Cannabis with 0.2505, too far behind Family First to catch up.
The exclusion of the lowest polling candidates and distribution of voter preferences now began. By Count 617, there were two remaining Labor candidates, Russell Wortley with 35,764 votes and 6th Labor candidate Megan Spencer with 2,698. The Ungrouped Independent had been excluded, and only one candidate remained from the other 18 groups on the ballot paper. At this point the leading groups were -
- 0.5080 quotas One Nation party total
- 0.4239 quotas Labor total
- 0.3986 quotas Liberal Democrats party total
- 0.3689 quotas Family First party total
- 1.2962 quotas distributed across 15 other groups
During the continuing distribution of preferences, Family First passed the Liberal Democrats. At count 5608, only four candidates remained.
- Russell Wortley (Labor) now lead with 54,631 votes, 0.6021 quotas having attracted 16,169 preferences, 13.7% of votes distributed
- Sarah Game (One Nation) with 53,542 votes, 0.5901 quotas having attracted 7,450 votes as preferences, 6.3% of votes distributed
- Tom Kenyon (Family First) was now in third place with 42,982 votes, 0.4737 quotas having attracted 9,505 votes as preferences, 8.1% of votes distributed
- James Hol (Liberal Democrats) was now in fourth and last place with 40,331 votes, 0.4445 quotas having attracted only 4,166 preferences, 3.5% of votes distributed
- To this point 68.3% of preferences from excluded parties had exhausted their preferences for not choosing between the four remaining candidates. Exhausted preferences represented 0.88 quotas.
James Hol (Liberal Democrats) was now excluded with only three candidates remaining in the count. Of his preferences, 72.6% exhausted, 12.6% flowed to Family First, 10.6% One Nation and 4.3% to Labor. This put One Nation back ahead of Labor. The totals now stood at
- Sarah Game (One Nation) with 57,806 votes, 0.6371 quotas having attracted 7.6% of votes distributed since Count 617
- Russell Wortley (Labor) with 56,358 votes, 0.6211 quotas having attracted 11.6% of votes distributed since Count 617
- Tom Kenyon (Family First) 48,047 votes, 0.5295 quotas having attracted 9.5% of votes distributed since Count 617
- To this point 71.3% of preferences from excluded parties had exhausted their preferences. Exhausted preferences represented 1.21 quotas.
Game and Wortley could have been declared elected at this point, but the exclusion of Tom Kenyon went ahead to determine the order of election. Of his preferences, 70.2% exhausted, 17.0% flowed to One Nation and 12.8% to Labor. The final totals were -
- Sarah Game (One Nation) Elected 10 with 65,950 votes, 0.7268 quotas having attracted 10.6% of votes distributed since Count 617
- Russell Wortley (Labor) Re-elected 11 with 62,500, votes, 0.6888 quotas having attracted 12.8% of votes distributed since Count 617
- To this point 76.6% of preferences from excluded parties had exhausted their preferences. Exhausted preferences represented 1.58 quotas.
Once again, the new voting system demonstrated its underlying property of favouring candidates and parties that start the count with a higher quota, or remainder quota for parties that elected more than one member. Despite a good ballot draw and finishing in third spot, the Liberal Democrats failed to attract preferences. There was no exclusions where the Liberal Democrats attracted more preferences than other parties, and conservative preferences that did flow favoured One Nation and Family First.
Green surplus preferences were crucial for Labor staying ahead, with only 30% exhausting on the exclusion of the final Green candidate, the lowest exhaustion rate at any exclusion. Labor also benefited from positive flows from Animal Justice and Legalise Cannabis.
Once again the new system demonstrated that parties can no longer leap frog from low votes on preferences. With preferences now determined by voters themselves, it is clear that voters tend to gravitate towards parties they know over other alternatives on the ballot paper.
When left to complete their own preferences, voters do not complete long strings of preferences to smaller parties before moving on to the better known parties. What voters do with their preferences look nothing like the chains of preferences that used to be lodged by parties as group voting tickets.
In the post-group voting ticket world, parties need votes to get elected. They can no longer rely on preferences to overtake competitors.