Last week the Victorian Boundaries Commission released its final determination of the state’s new electoral boundaries. The new boundaries will apply for the next Victorian election in November 2022.
The draft boundaries were released at the end of June and I analysed their political impact in a previous post. There were major changes to the boundaries used at the 2018 election.
Of the 88 districts proposed at the draft stage, 56 remain unchanged in the final version.
I’ve prepared a listing showing the composition of all new electorates based on movements between old and new electorate. You can find it at this link.
Maps of all new districts, details of changes, and the Commissioner’s reasoning for the changes can be found on the Electoral Boundaries Commission website.
Political summary in a paragraph – a permanent shift of two seats from Liberal parts of Melbourne to Labor parts as a result of differential population growth rates. But it is not electoral boundaries but the scale of the Liberal Party’s 2018 defeat that is the bigger problem for the Coalition at the 2022 state election.
In this post I’ll analyse the political impact of the final boundaries.
Changes Between the Draft and Final Boundaries
The following are the more significant changes to boundaries between the draft and final boundaries.
- Some of the changes to Bass were reversed. Inverloch was brought back into the electorate and the areas originally transferred from Narracan were handed back. Labor won Bass in 2018 with a margin of 2.4%, the draft boundaries created a Liberal 2.4% electorate, and the final version is Liberal 0.8%.
- Reversing the Bass-Narracan boundary change required Narracan to lose Moe to Morwell, which in turn lost areas north and south of Traralgon to Gippsland South. These changes substantially strengthened Narracan for the Liberal Party and at 11.1% it is the Liberal Party’s safest seat. The addition of Moe considerably strengthens Labor’s position in Morwell and probably weakens Independent Russell Northe’s hold on the seat.
- The incursion of Ripon into Ballarat’s western suburbs on the draft boundaries has been reversed. Ripon now gains western parts of Golden Plains Shire from Buninyong. The change swaps a Labor voting part of Wendouree for a Labor voting part of Buninyong which means Ripon still becomes a notional Labor seat. At least the new areas of Ripon are a better fit with the rural nature of Ripon than Ballarat suburbs.
- The proposal to re-name Wendouree as Eureka has been abandoned, Eureka instead adopted as the new name for Buninyong.
- The above changes to Buninyong/Eureka have resulted in changes to boundaries for Polwarth, Geelong and South Barwon.
- The major boundary change between Albert Park and Prahran was abandoned in favour of a much smaller alteration. This change restored Albert Park as a safe Labor seat and restored the Green position in Prahran.
- There were also a re-arrangement of boundaries to electorates around Eltham and Mill Park, and an adjustment to the boundary between Bayswater and Rowville. The proposed Morang has reverted to its original name Mill Park.
Comparing the Final Boundaries with 2018 Election Results
In broad summary, the major changes produced by the redistribution are –
- The Electoral Boundaries Commission lists 9 seats as abolished and 9 created, but some of these are merely name changes to represent shifts in boundaries.
- In terms of geography, the redistribution has abolished two seats in Melbourne’s eastern suburbs and one middle distance south-east seat. They are replaced by three new outer suburban seats, one each in Melbourne’s outer west, outer north-west and south-east fringe.
- In terms of politics, two seats are abolished in eastern Melbourne, traditional Liberal territory where Labor currently holds several marginal seats due to the scale of its 2018 landslide victory. In south-east Melbourne, the safe Labor seat of Keysborough is abolished, replaced by more marginal Labor seats further to the south-east. There are two new and very safe Labor seats in Melbourne’s north and west. Looking past estimated margins based on the lopsided 2018 result, the impact of the new boundaries is there are two fewer seats where the Liberal Party wins most of its seats in eastern Melbourne, and two extra seats in western and northern Melbourne where Labor wins most of its seats. The tale in south-east Melbourne is more mixed and there is little change in regional Victoria.
- Boundary changes are extensive in the eastern suburbs, but the impact can be summarised as follows. Burwood (ALP 3.3%) has been replaced by Ashwood (ALP 2.1%) and Forest Hill (LIB 1.2%) replaced by Glen Waverley (LIB 0.8%). Ferntree Gully (LIB 1.6%) and Mount Waverley (ALP 1.8%) have been abolished. Bayswater flips from being a Labor seat (ALP 0.4%) to a notional Liberal seat (LIB 0.7%).
- South-eastern Keysborough (ALP 14.9%) has been abolished and the new seat of Pakenham (ALP 3.0%) created on Melbourne’s south-east fringe. In associated changes to create Pakenham, Gembrook (LIB 0.8%) is in part replaced by Berwick (LIB 1.0%), Bass flips from (ALP 2.4%) to (LIB 0.8%), and Hastings goes the opposite way, switching from (LIB 1.1%) to (ALP 0.4%).
- The major changes that threatened the Greens’ hold on Prahran (GRN 7.5% v LIB) were reversed by the final boundaries. It is still a close race for second on first preferences between Labor and the Greens, but the main impact of new boundaries is to weaken the Liberal vote. The new Prahran is now less of a three-way contest and more a race between Labor and the Greens.
- West of the Yarra, Altona (ALP 14.6%) is replaced by Point Cook (ALP 12.4%) and there is a new seat called Laverton (ALP 24.0%).
- In Melbourne’s north-west, well over quota Yuroke (ALP 20.3%) has been split into two news seats, Greenvale (ALP 22.3%) and Kalkallo (ALP 20.4%).
- On the final boundaries, Buninyong (ALP 12.2%) has been re-named Eureka (ALP 9.4%). Wendouree re-gains its original name and most of its former boundaries. The final boundaries for Ripon (LIB 0.02%) removed the Ballarat suburbs added on the draft boundaries, but now include smaller Golden Plains Shire communities west of Napoleans previously in Buninyong. The estimated new margin for Ripon is (ALP 2.8%).
- The Liberal margin in Polwarth slips from 5.4% to 2.2% as the seat moves deeper into the Surf Coast.
- The Green margin in Brunswick increases from 0.6% to 2.3%.
- Labor won 55 seats at the 2018 election. They lose Keysborough and Mount Waverley (abolished) and Bass and Bayswater (become notional Liberal). They gain Hastings, Morwell and Ripon on the new boundaries, and the new seats of Greenvale and Kalkallo (in place of Yuroke), Laverton and Pakenham. Labor now has a notional 57 seats.
- The Liberal Party have slipped from 21 to 20 seats. The party has lost Ferntree Gully (abolished), Hastings and Ripon are notional losses to Labor, but notional gains are Bass and Bayswater.
- A new Independent margin for Mildura is impossible to calculate. The same comment applies to Morwell but Labor’s position is significantly strengthened. If Russell Northe does not contest the next election then Morwell will be a notional Labor seat.
- The uniform swing needed for a majority Coalition government falls from around 12% to around 11%, but the Coalition need two extra seats in that swing.
A Note on Calculations
Calculating estimated margins after a redistribution is always difficult, but particularly difficult given the huge pre-poll vote in 2018. You can’t isolate pre-poll votes to a single part of the electorate unlike polling place results. The way the Victorian Electoral Commission reports pre-poll makes the problem worse. Only a single total is provided for pre-poll votes, even in districts with more than one pre-poll centre.
For instance, Bass had three pre-poll centres in different parts of the electorate, while South Barwon had one at the Surf Coast end of the electorate, and a second large centre in the suburbs of Geelong. It is almost certain that pre-poll results varied in different parts of the electorate, but the impact cannot be untangled from the data.
Comments I’ve received from parties on my previously published margins suggest my estimates for Bass, Berwick, Pakenham and South Barwon are particularly rubbery.
New Electoral Pendulum
|Labor (57 seats)||Liberal/National (20/6)|
|ALP 0.4||Hastings (LIB MP)||LIB 0.1||Caulfield|
|ALP 0.4||Hawthorn||LIB 0.4||Sandringham|
|ALP 0.6||Nepean||LIB 0.6||Brighton|
|ALP 1.7||Northcote (v GRN)||LIB 0.6||Croydon|
|ALP 2.1||Ashwood||LIB 0.7||Bayswater (ALP MP)|
|ALP 2.8||Ripon (LIB MP)||LIB 0.7||Glen Waverley|
|ALP 3.0||Box Hill||LIB 0.8||Bass (ALP MP)|
|ALP 3.0||Pakenham||LIB 0.9||Eildon|
|ALP 3.5||Ringwood||LIB 1.0||Berwick|
|ALP 3.6||South Barwon||LIB 1.9||Evelyn|
|ALP 4.6||Morwell||LIB 2.2||Polwarth|
|ALP 5.8||Melton||LIB 3.3||South-West Coast|
|ALP 5.9||Richmond (v GRN)||LIB 4.2||Warrandyte|
|ALP 8.4||Monbulk||LIB 4.5||Kew|
|ALP 9.0||Cranbourne||LIB 5.0||Mornington|
|ALP 9.4||Eureka||LIB 5.4||Bulleen|
|ALP 10.2||Frankston||LIB 5.4||Rowville|
|ALP 10.3||Geelong||LIB 6.2||Malvern|
|ALP 10.5||Eltham||LIB 9.4||Benambra|
|ALP 10.5||Narre Warren North||LIB 11.1||Narracan|
|ALP 10.7||Narre Warren South||NAT 12.0||Ovens Valley|
|ALP 11.2||Wendouree||NAT 14.0||Gippsland South|
|ALP 11.4||Bellarine||NAT 15.3||Euroa|
|ALP 11.5||Bentleigh||NAT 17.6||Gippsland East|
|ALP 12.0||Carrum||NAT 21.6||Lowan|
|ALP 12.1||Bendigo East||NAT 24.0||Murray Plains|
|ALP 12.4||Point Cook||Independent (2) / Green (3)|
|ALP 12.5||Niddrie||IND 0.3||Mildura (v NAT)|
|ALP 12.9||Albert Park||GRN 1.6||Melbourne (v ALP)|
|ALP 13.4||Macedon||GRN 2.3||Brunswick (v ALP)|
|ALP 13.4||Mordialloc||IND 5.3||Shepparton (v LIB)|
|ALP 13.6||Werribee (9.2 v IND)||GRN 9.0||Prahran (v LIB)|
|ALP 16.8||Yan Yean|
|ALP 18.6||Bendigo West|
|ALP 22.1||Pascoe Vale|
|ALP 22.1||St Albans|
|ALP 24.9||Mill Park|
|ALP 28.3||Preston (21.1 v GRN)|
Old and Estimated New Margins for all Districts
Note – all margins in the table below are estimated two party preferred margins. Seats actually held by Greens and Independents are indicated. Estimated two-candidate preferred margins for selected seats are shown below the table.
|Division||Old Margin||New Margin||Change|
|Albert Park||ALP 13.1%||ALP 12.9%||0.2 to LIB|
|Ashwood (ex-Burwood)||ALP 3.3%||ALP 2.1%||1.2 to LIB|
|Bass (Changes Party)||ALP 2.4%||LIB 0.8%||3.2 to LIB|
|Bayswater (Changes Party)||ALP 0.4%||LIB 0.7%||1.1 to LIB|
|Bellarine||ALP 11.5%||ALP 11.4%||0.1 to LIB|
|Benambra||LIB 8.9%||LIB 9.4%||0.5 to LIB|
|Bendigo East||ALP 12.1%||ALP 12.1%||no change|
|Bendigo West||ALP 18.6%||ALP 18.6%||no change|
|Bentleigh||ALP 11.9%||ALP 11.5%||0.4 to LIB|
|Berwick (ex-Gembrook)||LIB 0.8%||LIB 1.0%||0.2 to LIB|
|Box Hill||ALP 2.1%||ALP 3.0%||0.9 to ALP|
|Brighton||LIB 1.1%||LIB 0.6%||0.5 to ALP|
|Broadmeadows||ALP 30.3%||ALP 25.2%||5.1 to LIB|
|Brunswick (GRN held)||ALP 34.4%||ALP 34.6%||0.2 to ALP|
|Bulleen||LIB 5.8%||LIB 5.4%||0.4 to ALP|
|Bundoora||ALP 17.4%||ALP 16.6%||0.8 to LIB|
|Carrum||ALP 11.9%||ALP 12.0%||0.1 to ALP|
|Caulfield||LIB 0.3%||LIB 0.1%||0.2 to ALP|
|Clarinda||ALP 17.4%||ALP 15.0%||2.4 to LIB|
|Cranbourne||ALP 11.0%||ALP 9.0%||2.0 to LIB|
|Croydon||LIB 2.1%||LIB 0.6%||1.5 to ALP|
|Dandenong||ALP 23.9%||ALP 23.4%||0.5 to LIB|
|Eildon||LIB 2.4%||LIB 0.9%||1.5 to ALP|
|Eltham||ALP 9.1%||ALP 10.5%||1.4 to ALP|
|Essendon||ALP 15.9%||ALP 15.8%||0.1 to LIB|
|Eureka (ex-Buninyong)||ALP 12.2%||ALP 9.4%||2.8 to LIB|
|Euroa||NAT 15.4%||NAT 15.3%||0.1 to ALP|
|Evelyn||LIB 2.6%||LIB 1.9%||0.7 to ALP|
|Ferntree Gully (abolished)||LIB 1.6%||..||..|
|Footscray||ALP 28.1%||ALP 28.7%||0.6 to ALP|
|Frankston||ALP 9.7%||ALP 10.2%||0.5 to ALP|
|Geelong||ALP 10.1%||ALP 10.3%||0.2 to ALP|
|Gippsland East||NAT 17.6%||NAT 17.6%||no change|
|Gippsland South||NAT 15.3%||NAT 14.0%||1.3 to ALP|
|Glen Waverley (ex-Forest Hill)||LIB 1.2%||LIB 0.7%||0.5 to ALP|
|Greenvale (new seat)||..||ALP 22.4%||..|
|Hastings (Changes Party)||LIB 1.1%||ALP 0.4%||1.5 to ALP|
|Hawthorn||ALP 0.4%||ALP 0.4%||no change|
|Ivanhoe||ALP 12.4%||ALP 12.4%||no change|
|Kalkallo (new seat)||..||ALP 20.6%||..|
|Kew||LIB 4.8%||LIB 4.5%||0.3 to ALP|
|Keysborough (abolished)||ALP 14.9%||..||..|
|Kororoit||ALP 25.6%||ALP 25.2%||0.4 to LIB|
|Lara||ALP 19.1%||ALP 19.1%||no change|
|Laverton (new seat)||..||ALP 24.0%||..|
|Lowan||NAT 23.5%||NAT 21.6%||1.9 to ALP|
|Macedon||ALP 13.2%||ALP 13.4%||0.2 to ALP|
|Malvern||LIB 6.1%||LIB 6.2%||0.1 to LIB|
|Melbourne (GRN held)||ALP 25.3%||ALP 25.0%||0.3 to LIB|
|Melton||ALP 4.3%||ALP 5.8%||1.5 to ALP|
|Mildura (IND held)||NAT 5.6%||NAT 6.2%||0.6 to NAT|
|Mill Park||ALP 24.9%||ALP 24.9%||no change|
|Monbulk||ALP 8.6%||ALP 8.4%||0.2 to LIB|
|Mordialloc||ALP 12.9%||ALP 13.4%||0.5 to ALP|
|Mornington||LIB 5.0%||LIB 5.0%||no change|
|Morwell (IND held)||ALP 2.4%||ALP 4.6%||2.2 to ALP|
|Mount Waverley (abolished)||ALP 1.8%||..||..|
|Mulgrave||ALP 12.7%||ALP 16.4%||3.7 to ALP|
|Murray Plains||NAT 24.0%||NAT 24.0%||no change|
|Narracan||LIB 7.3%||LIB 11.1%||3.8 to LIB|
|Narre Warren North||ALP 9.8%||ALP 10.5%||0.7 to ALP|
|Narre Warren South||ALP 6.9%||ALP 10.7%||3.8 to ALP|
|Nepean||ALP 0.9%||ALP 0.6%||0.3 to LIB|
|Niddrie||ALP 12.6%||ALP 12.5%||0.1 to LIB|
|Northcote||ALP 33.2%||ALP 33.2%||no change|
|Oakleigh||ALP 15.8%||ALP 16.1%||0.3 to ALP|
|Ovens Valley||NAT 12.6%||NAT 12.0%||0.6 to ALP|
|Pakenham (new seat)||..||ALP 3.0%||..|
|Pascoe Vale||ALP 18.3%||ALP 22.1%||3.8 to ALP|
|Point Cook (ex-Altona)||ALP 14.6%||ALP 12.4%||2.2 to LIB|
|Polwarth||LIB 5.4%||LIB 2.2%||3.2 to ALP|
|Prahran (GRN held)||ALP 7.6%||ALP 9.5%||1.9 to ALP|
|Preston||ALP 28.5%||ALP 28.3%||0.2 to LIB|
|Richmond||ALP 31.7%||ALP 31.3%||0.4 to LIB|
|Ringwood||ALP 2.8%||ALP 3.5%||0.7 to ALP|
|Ripon (Changes Party)||LIB 0.0%||ALP 2.8%||2.8 to ALP|
|Rowville||LIB 5.7%||LIB 5.4%||0.3 to ALP|
|Sandringham||LIB 0.6%||LIB 0.4%||0.2 to ALP|
|Sheppartonm (IND held)||LIB 11.7%||LIB 11.7%||no change|
|South Barwon||ALP 4.6%||ALP 3.6%||1.0 to LIB|
|South-West Coast||LIB 2.3%||LIB 3.3%||1.0 to LIB|
|St Albans||ALP 21.5%||ALP 22.1%||0.6 to ALP|
|Sunbury||ALP 14.3%||ALP 14.6%||0.3 to ALP|
|Sydenham||ALP 17.9%||ALP 17.7%||0.2 to LIB|
|Tarneit||ALP 18.0%||ALP 17.7%||0.3 to LIB|
|Thomastown||ALP 27.2%||ALP 27.4%||0.2 to ALP|
|Warrandyte||LIB 3.9%||LIB 4.2%||0.3 to LIB|
|Wendouree||ALP 10.3%||ALP 11.2%||0.9 to ALP|
|Werribee||ALP 12.6%||ALP 13.6%||1.0 to ALP|
|Williamstown||ALP 22.1%||ALP 19.0%||3.1 to LIB|
|Yan Yean||ALP 17.0%||ALP 16.8%||0.2 to LIB|
|Yuroke (abolished)||ALP 20.3%||..||..|
Estimated Labor/Green Margins
|Division||Old Margin||New Margin||Change|
|Brunswick (GRN v ALP)||GRN 0.6%||GRN 2.3%||1.7 to GRN|
|Melbourne (GRN v ALP)||GRN 1.3%||GRN 1.6%||0.3 to GRN|
|Northcote (ALP v GRN)||ALP 1.7%||ALP 1.7%||no change|
|Prahran (GRN v LIB)||GRN 7.5%||GRN 9.0%||1.5 to GRN|
|Preston (ALP v GRN)||ALP 20.7%||ALP 21.1%||0.4 to ALP|
|Richmond (ALP v GRN)||ALP 5.5%||ALP 5.9%||0.4 to ALP|
Further notes on Non-2PP Contests
Benambra – Liberal margin versus Independent nudges upwards from 2.4% to 2.6%.
Geelong – Labor margin versus Independent 6.2% in 2018, estimated new margin 7.1%.
Mildura – Independent Margin verses National 0.3%, gains 2,252 electors from Ripon, new margin not calculated
Morwell – A new margin is difficult to calculate given the transfer of Moe from Narracan. The Labor vote increases significantly on the new boundaries and almost certainly overturns the majority of Independent Russell Northe.
Pascoe Vale – Labor margin 8.6% versus Independent, major changes to boundaries make new margin impossible to calculate.
Shepparton – Unchanged, Independent margin v Liberal 5.3%.
Werribee – Labor margin versus Independent nudges up from 8.8% to 9.2%.